Last Updated on May 19, 2020 by Anselem
HOW TO MAKE A DIY HOMEMADE LAUNDRY SOAP – ZIGIHOW.COM.NG
HOW TO PRODUCE A DIY HOMEMADE LAUNDRY SOAP
👉 Oil: Palm Kernel Oil(PKO):
This is the oil that is mostly used for producing washing soap,firstly because it gives a good lather,secondly because its surplus and relatively cheap compared to other oils.
👉 Custic soda: this is the most important chemical in soap production. Without custic soda, youyannott produce soap.
These 👆are the two most important ingredients in making a laundry soap.
👉 Sodium silicate. This is what makes the soap solid, so that it won’t melt easily while using it to wash.
👉 Soda ash(optional):This helps in increasing the quantity of the soap alittle.
👉 sodium sulphate (optional) it is also believed to increase soap quantity.
👉 perfume: this gives scent to your soap.
👉 colour: gives the soap colour.
👉 hydrometer: this is for measuring the alkalinity of the custic soda solution.
👉 mould: its a container for pouring the soap batter after mixing,for it to solidify.
👉 soap cutter or knife: for cutting the soap after it dries.
👉 long sleeves and handgloves: for protecting the hands.
👉 Face mask; to prevent yourself from inhaling the chemicals.
👉 please Note that all those ingredients mentioned “optional”. They can be used but the truth is that it doesn’t make a difference to your soap,and it simply increases your cost of production.
There are two methods of soap production.
We have the Hot Process(HP) And we have the Cold Process(CP). I’ll be teaching the CP method,because that’s the method I use.
How to make custic soda solution
Before you start making soap,you have to prepare your custic soda solution.
What is custic soda solution: It is the process of dissolving and soaking your custic soda with adequate amount of water, and leaving it to soak for days(at least 1day,for it to ferment.)The liquid caustic soda is what we call custic soda solution.
Formular for making custic soda solution:
The general formular is 1:2. I.e, 1 to ratio 2. 1 stand for caustic soda,and 2 stands for water. This means that if your caustic soda is 1 cup,you will use 2 cups of water to soak it.
If your caustic soda is 2 cups, You will use 4 cups of water to soak it. This also means that If caustic soda is 1kg, you will use 2 liters of water to soak it. Also if your caustic soda is half kg, you will need or use 1 liter of water to soak it.
This also means that if you buy 2kg of custic soda, you will use 4 liters of water to soak it. And so on…
Please note: that even after using this formular,to soak the caustic soda,it will still be too strong for making soap. And this is where the use of hydrometer comes in.
At the point when you want to produce your soap ,you will have to use your hydrometer to test the alkalinity of the caustic soda solution,add more water to adjust, then test it again.
definition of soap mould and the different types
👉Mould is any container which you pour you soap,for it to dry. We have wooden mould,alluminium mould,plastic plastic mould,and silicon mold.Wooden and aluminium moulds are common, but plastic and silicon moulds are not.
Having done all these introductions,we are now going into the soap making proper;
Now we shall have an explanation on how to produce laundry soap using 2 liters of PKO
soap chemicals and measurement
👉PKO: 2 liters
👉custic soda solution:1liter
👉silicate:2 to 3 table spoons
👉colour: to your taste
👉perfume: to your taste
1– pour your PKO in a plastic bucket.
2–Put a pinch of colour-half tea spoon(oil based colour)and stir very well so it mixes with your pko.
3–pour your custic soda solution and stir.
4–put the silicate(3 to 4 table spoons)and perfume and stir. You will have a smooth pap-like consistency.(just like pap or custard)
4–pour into mould that has already been lined with nylon.
5–leave for at least 6 hours or 24 hours to solidify.
6–Then remove from the mould and transfer to your soap cutter and cut
7– Then stamp Your soaps or just cut without stamping.
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