Last Updated on May 19, 2020 by Anselem
The joy of a poultry farmer is to see all his/her chicks grow fatter, plumply and healthy but many of them makes a very distructive mistakes which could ruin your poultry farm.
If you are a poultry farmer you must have atleast 65% time for your fowls/birds, give them a close attention and importants to ensure they that they don’t die accidentally.
I’M GOING TO LIST THE FACTORS THAT LEADS TO THE DEATH OF YOUNG CHICKS
HERE WE GO:
The body of young chicks comprises of about 70 per cent water. If temperatures remain continuously high, it results in loss of water from the body leading to dehydration.
A water loss of about 10 per cent will cause death due to circulatory failure.
This is when high temperature in the brooder house causes pasting or sticking of faeces around the vent leading to blockage and ultimately death of chicks.
LOW BROODING TEMPERATURE
This cause chilling and pneumonia which kills chicks in high numbers. Dead chicks on post mortem show pale to blue lungs in colour.
Low brooding temperature makes the chicks to huddle together to keep warm and maintain body temperature. This further leads to smothering and death.
To prevent the effects of temperatures, a farmer should adjust the brooding room temperature 24 hours before putting the chicks in the brooding room and during the brooding period.
A farmer should also try to maintain the normal recommended temperature throughout the brooding period and evenly in the brooding areas.
Feed poisoning such as fungal (mould) contamination or feed contaminated by toxic substances especially tannin found in saw dust and excess salt in water as well as toxic gases (Ammonia, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide).
This should be avoided through use of proper feeding and use of clean water as well as proper litter management with regular mixing and removal to avoid accumulation of toxic gases in the brooder room.
Adequate ventilation in the house is also very important.
Newly hatched chicks do not have a high immunity level. If hygiene is therefore, not maintained, a number of diseases responsible for early chick mortality will thrive.